Constrained motion is a desired thing in the machines. The movements of links in the machine should be constrained for a successful use of it.  it is defined as following

Constrained motion

In a mechanical Pair when an element of the pair has a definite motion with respect to the other element, relative motion between the elements is called constrained motion.

Types of constrained motion

Constrained motion is categorized in three types given below.

Completely Constrained Motion

In a pair of two elements if the direction of the motion of these two elements is fixed or definite On the application of the force in the pair, the motion is called completely constrained motion. The motion of two elements with respect to each other can be linear or rotary.
Completely constrained Motion

The example of constrained motion are shaft in a hole with collar, cylinder Movement in a piston, a Prism moving in a hollow prism.

Also Read:

Lower Pair and Higher Pair

What is constraints. Types of Kinematic constraints

2. Incompletely Constrained Motion

If the element of a pair can have more than one type of motion in the pair with respect to the each other then the motion is referred as incompletely constrained motion. The shaft in a hollow part is a good example of incompletely constrained motion. The shaft can have two types of motion in a hollow bush. It can rotate and can slide in the hole. These two motions are independent of each other inside the hole.
Incompletely Constrained Motion

The motion between elements mainly depends on the type and direction of force applied in the pair. according to applied force, the elements chooses its motion.

3. Successfully Constrained Motion

In a pair, if there are more then one direction of moment of an element and we want that element to move in a single direction then we have to apply the external effort in the system.  The time until the external load is not applied the motion would be incompletely constrained motion. But when we apply an external load to make the element move in a single direction the motion will become successfully constrained motion.
Foot Step Bearing

Foot step bearing is best example of this motion. In a foot step bearing when the shaft rotates, it has the tendency to move in upward direction. But with an external load this upward movement can be controlled or eliminated and desired motion and direction can be achieved.


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